Caroline Quirke – Using Kumi’s CAHRA Map to identify CAHRAs in Mineral Supply Chains

Companies in the mining and metals sector are increasingly required to implement effective responsible sourcing due diligence through their supply chains. Good practice expectations for companies set out in the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (OECD Guidance), which underpins most responsible sourcing standards developed by the industry as well as regulatory standards such as the EU Conflict Minerals regulation 2017/821.

A key initial step for companies in the OECD Guidance is the identifying of “conflict affected and high-risk areas” (CAHRAs) in their supply chains. If so, they must undertake enhanced due diligence in their supply chains.

So, what makes a CAHRA a CAHRA?

In our experience, it is a difficult question for companies to answer and one which they often get wrong.

Therefore, to support companies to meet this requirement, Kumi has created its own CAHRA map. Our map is based on the EU Recommendations for identifying CAHRA and pulls together global data sets to provides our users with an overview of risks globally. The map allows companies to effectively meet their compliance needs, understand where they may have risks and be able to make evidence-based decisions about actions to take in their supply chains.

The talk will discuss CAHRA identification, areas for consideration, address limitations and provide an overview of the methodology Kumi has used for the CAHRA Map tool.


Caroline is a Senior Consultant at Kumi where she supports projects across all sectors, with a particular focus on our metals and minerals portfolio. Prior to joining Kumi, she was a Risk Officer at Alfred H Knight where she led a number of strategic projects from business continuity planning to compliance improvement programmes. One of her main projects was establishing the company’s responsible sourcing policies and guidance in relation to tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold, as well as developing and delivering training to over 40 locations worldwide. In addition to her work, Caroline is currently working on the ‘International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) Special Project’ in partnership with UNESCO, her focus is on responsible sourcing.”